Health and Safety Issues of Older Workers Surveyed in the Construction Industry
AbstractThe study aimed to gain a better understanding of age-related construction worker’s health and safety issues and discuss practical solutions to improve safety and health of the older workers in the construction industry. A two-page survey questionnaire was developed and sent out to the safety managers, directors, or coordinators in the construction firms. The participants were employed in 27 companies that employed 12,452 employees and have been in business for an average of 75 years. All of the companies had a written safety program, but only 50% of the companies represented in the survey had the Health and Wellness programs. The findings suggested that the construction industry was in fact well aware of the worker health concerns that the aging construction workforce has been facing. The survey also revealed that there was an overwhelming agreement that older workers were still very valuable to the industry. The occupational ergonomic, health and safety professionals should pay more attend to develop creative and effective health/wellness programs that any size organization can use, with the ultimate goal being to have a sustainable and healthier aging workforce in the industry. The results of other findings are also discussed in detail.
Boatman, L., Chaplan, D., & Teran, S. (2012). Creating the climate for making ergonomic changes. Retrieved from http://www.cpwr.com/pdfs/ChaplanErgoClimateFINAL.pdf.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2013a). Monthly Labor Review Online, U.S. Labor Market Continued to Improve in 2012. U.S. Department of Labor. Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2013/03/art1full.pdf.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2013b). Economic News Release: Employment Situation Summary. U.S. Department of Labor. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.nr0.htm.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2013c). Industries at a Glance: Construction NAICS 23. U.S. Department of Labor. Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/iag/tgs/iag23.htm.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2013d). Economic News Release: Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and
Illnesses Requiring Days Away From Work. U.S. Department of Labor. Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/news.release/osh2.nr0.htm.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2013e). Musculoskeletal Disorders and Days Away from Work. U.S. Department of Labor. http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2008/dec/wk1/art02.htm.
Choi, S.D. (2009). Safety and ergonomic considerations for an aging workforce in the US construction industry. Work, 33, 307-315.
Choi, S.D., & Woletz, T. (2010). Do stretching programs prevent work-related musculoskeletal disorders? Journal of Safety, Health and Environmental Research, 6, 1-19.
CPWR (2012). The Center for Construction Research and Training. The Construction Chart Book: The U.S. Construction Industry and Its Workers. Retrieved from http://www.cpwr.com/rp-chartbook.html.
Dong, X., Wang, X., Daw, C., & Ringen, K. (2011). Chronic diseases and functional limitations among older construction workers in the United States: A 10-year follow-up study. Occupational Environmental Medicine, 53, 372-380.
Rajendran, S. (2013). Stretching & flex programs: perceptions of construction specialty firms. Journal of Safety, Health & Environmental Research, 8, 81-87.
Schwatka, N.V., Butler, L.M., & Rosecrance, J.R. (2011). An aging workforce and injury in the construction industry. Epidemiologic Reviews, 34(1), 156-167.
Stein, R. (2011). Baby boomers appear to be less healthy than parents. The Washington Post.
Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/04/19/AR2007041902458.html.
Spirduso, W.W. (1995). Physical Dimensions of Aging. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Welch, L. (2012). The aging worker in the U.S. construction industry. OH&S Occupational Health & Safety. http://ohsonline.com/Articles/2010/03/01/The-Aging-Worker.aspx?p=1.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
The copyediting stage is intended to improve the flow, clarity, grammar, wording, and formatting of the article. It represents the last chance for the author to make any substantial changes to the text because the next stage is restricted to typos and formatting corrections. The file to be copyedited is in Word or .rtf format and therefore can easily be edited as a word processing document. The set of instructions displayed here proposes two approaches to copyediting. One is based on Microsoft Word's Track Changes feature and requires that the copy editor, editor, and author have access to this program. A second system, which is software independent, has been borrowed, with permission, from the Harvard Educational Review. The journal editor is in a position to modify these instructions, so suggestions can be made to improve the process for this journal.