Physical Risk Factors Associated with the Work-Related Neck/Cervical Musculoskeletal Disorders: A Review

Yun Sun, Ashish D Nimbarte, Hossein Motabar


Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) of the neck or cervical spine result in longer sick leaves, substantial levels of human suffering, and high costs for society. Epidemiological studies clearly indicate strong associations between MSD of the neck and the work activities requiring forceful arm exertions and heavy lifting. However, most of the existing studies that evaluate the neck or cervical spine disorders focus mainly on exertions demanding sustained neck postures of repetitive arm exertions. The purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic review of existing epidemiological and experimental studies that evaluates neck or cervical spine disorders and identify the gaps in the literature for future research.

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